21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook (21st by H. James Birx

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By H. James Birx

21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights an important subject matters, matters, questions, and debates any scholar acquiring a level within the box of anthropology should have mastered for effectiveness within the twenty first century. This two-volume set offers undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference resource that serves their learn wishes with extra distinct details than encyclopedia entries yet in a transparent, obtainable variety, without jargon, pointless element or density.
Key Features
- Emphasizes key curricular subject matters, making it important for college kids gaining knowledge of for time period papers, getting ready for GREs, or contemplating issues for a senior thesis, graduate measure, or career.
- Comprehensive, providing complete insurance of key subthemes and subfields in the self-discipline, reminiscent of utilized anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, actual and organic anthropology, primate reports, and more.
- Offers uniform bankruptcy constitution so scholars can simply find key info, inside of those sections: advent, idea, equipment, purposes, comparability, destiny instructions, precis, Bibliography & feedback for additional interpreting, and move References.
- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference on-line, supplying scholars with handy, easy accessibility to its contents. 

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The DNA molecule gives undeniable evidence for the historical continuity and chemical unity of all lifeforms on planet earth. In particular, it now clearly links our species with the four great apes or pongids: orangutan, gorilla, chimpanzee, and bonobo. The DNA molecule has the structure of a double helix with six parts: a phosphate group, the sugar deoxyribose, and four bases (adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine). Changes to the sequence of bases, or nucleotides, in the genome may result in changes in the phenotype or biological expressions of an organism.

Furthermore, forensic anthropologists help to reconstruct a death scene. Forensic inquiry may determine that (c) 2011 Sage Publications, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Biological Anthropology– •–11 the death of an individual is due to murder, accident, suicide, or a natural cause; in some cases, the cause of death may remain unknown. , in the methods they use for the careful investigation of a death scene). Today, data banks of human bones and genetic fingerprints are now available for comparative studies, as well as the use of modern computers.

Our species, which was defined as Homo sapiens by Carolus Linnaeus in 1758, is characterized by a highly developed brain and capable of complex language, abstract reasoning, and full consciousness of its thoughts, sensations, perceptions, emotions, and self-awareness. Its intelligence allows it to explain and manipulate natural phenomena through philosophy, science, art, and religion. Members of this species are capable of building fires, cooking their food, clothing themselves, and developing numerous complex technologies, including space exploration.

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