By Helena Miguélez-Carballeira
Of the entire differentiated areas comprising modern Spain, Galicia is in all probability the main deeply marked through political, financial and cultural inequities through the centuries. in all probability as a result of the absence of a nationally conscious neighborhood bourgeoisie and the enduringly colonial constructions informing Spanish-Galician monetary and cultural family, strategies of nationwide building within the zone were patchily winning. even though, Galicia's cultural distinctness is well recognisable to the observer, from the language spoken within the region---the modern variation of outdated Galician-Portuguese---to the categorical types of the Galician equipped panorama, with its distinct mix of indigenous, imported and hybrid components. the current quantity deals English-language readers an in-depth creation to the crucial elements of Galician cultural heritage, from pre-historical occasions to the current day. when recognition is given to the conventional parts of medieval tradition, language, modern historical past and politics, the ebook additionally privileges compelling modern views on cinema, structure, town of Santiago de Compostela and the city traits of Galician tradition at the present time. Helena Miguélez-Carballeira is a Senior Lecturer in Hispanic reviews at Bangor collage, and Director of the Centre for Galician experiences in Wales
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Extra info for A Companion to Galician Culture
22 SANTIAGO GUTIÉRREZ GARCÍA After the death of Don Denis, only secondary courts have been documented as existing in the north of Portugal; they were organized by his sons Afonso Sanchez and Pedro de Barcelos. The latter’s death in 1354 marks the symbolic end of the Galician-Portuguese school even if the Marquis of Santillana recorded the cultivation of troubadour poetry in Galician as late as the middle of the fifteenth century. This whole period, conventionally seen as one of decline, gave way to the escola galego-castelá (Galician-Castilian school) (Polín 1994), which gravitated around the courts of the monarchs of Castile where a slew of authors such as Macías and Alfonso Álvarez de Villasandino composed in a language increasingly peppered with Castilianisms (Lapesa 1953–54; Mariño Paz 1998: 176–9).
The result is an account of the Castilian-Leonese monarchs from Ramiro I (842–50) to Fernando III (1217–52), transmitted by MS BNM 8817, while a second version (MS 2497 in Salamanca University Library) simply reproduces a relatively short section of the Crónica xeral. It is known, moreover, that another version in circulation at the time – though no longer extant – influenced the Crónica de 1404 and the Portuguese Crónica Geral de 1344 compiled by Pedro de Barcelos. It was precisely this Crónica de 1404 that was to prove the greatest contribution to the historiography of the Iberian Peninsula made by Galician GALICIAN CULTURE AND WRITTEN CULTURE IN THE MIDDLE AGES 27 literature.
Monteagudo, Henrique (1999). Historia social da lingua galega. Vigo: Galaxia. Morrás, María (1988). ‘¿Zéjeles o formas zejelescas? Observaciones para el estudio de un problema de historia literaria’, La Crónica, 17, pp. 52–75. Nogueira, María Xesús (1997). ‘Habitantes da Fisterra. A presencia do celtismo na obra de Cunqueiro’, Unión Libre. Cadernos de Vida e Cultura, 2, pp. 123–33. Pensado, José Luis (1958). Miragres de Santiago. Madrid: Instituto Miguel de Cervantes. Polín, Ricardo (1994). A poesía lírica galego-castelá (1350–1450).