By Bruce M. Rowe
Provides a linguistic starting place for college students of all majors
Assisted by means of a variety of pedagogical aids, A Concise advent to Linguistics, 4/e explains all recommendations in a scientific manner making complicated linguistic subject matters as effortless to profit as attainable. This introductory name covers the center subject matters of linguistics, delivering the data and ideas that would let scholars to appreciate extra special and complex remedies of linguistics. This student-friendly and well-balanced evaluate of the sphere of introductory linguistics can pay specific consciousness to linguistic anthropology and divulges the most contributions of linguistics to the learn of human conversation and the way problems with tradition are proper. Its workbook layout includes well-constructed workouts in each bankruptcy that let scholars to perform key concepts.
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Extra resources for A Concise Introduction to Linguistics
This statement is 31. (true or false). is an ape-language researcher mentioned in the text who does not believe that the apes are really learning language. 32. Some of the criticisms of the conclusion that apes are communicating linguistically (in the narrow sense as described in Box 1-1) are C H A P T E R 1 ▸ Introduction: The Nature of Communication 25 33. Most ape-language researchers believe that their critics have unfairly assessed them. This statement is (true or false). , whereas the area of 34.
Terrace examined film of other “talking” apes and found the same type of prompting. Thomas Sebeok and Donna Jean Umiker-Sebeok have discussed an even more subtle type of cueing. They believe that the Clever Hans effect is at work in the ape-language studies. Clever Hans was a horse that learned to do amazing feats such as stamp out the answers to mathematical and verbal problems using his hoof. The horse was actually reacting to unintentional cues from the trainer or his audiences. The Sebeoks think that the apes are also reacting to such things as the researcher’s facial expressions, breathing patterns, and perhaps pupil dilations.
As complex as bee and bird communications are, these systems are strictly limited as to the number and type of messages that they can produce. Human language is open. We are not limited to a small number of calls or songs about a restricted number of events. Nonhuman communication is in large part stimulus-bound. A signal is emitted by virtue of exposure to some stimulus. Human language is stimulus-free. We respond to mental categorization of the world. The only factor limiting what we can communicate about is the capabilities of our minds.