By Melissa S. Lane, Martin A. Ruehl
The poet Stefan George (1868-1933) was once the most vital cultural figures in sleek Germany. His poetry, in its originality and impression, has been ranked with that of Goethe, HÃ¶lderlin, or Rilke. but George's succeed in prolonged a long way past the field of literature. in the course of his final 3 many years, he attracted a circle of disciples who subscribed to his homoerotic and aestheticist imaginative and prescient of lifestyles and sought to rework it into truth. The works and considered the circle profoundly affected the highbrow and cultural attitudes of Germany's knowledgeable heart type from the start of the 20th century, and are hence the most important to Germany's cultural and highbrow background. The transition from the aestheticist, cosmopolitan values the circle embraced within the early 1900s to the extra explicitly political and patriotic perspectives a lot of its participants espoused through the Weimar Republic either conditioned and mirrored a momentous transformation in German inspiration. The intersection of tradition and politics within the George Circle has obtained little recognition in English-language scholarship previously. This quantity comprises contributions from significant students in either English- and German-speaking international locations. Its viewers comprises students and scholars of German languages and literature, German background, and reception of the classics, between different fields. participants: Adam Bisno, Richard Faber, RÃ¼diger GÃ¶rner, Peter Hoffmann, Thomas Karlauf, Melissa S. Lane, Robert E. Lerner, David Midgley, Robert E. Norton, Ray Ockenden, Ute Oelmann, Martin A. Ruehl, Bertram Schefold.
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Extra resources for A Poet's Reich: Politics and Culture in the George Circle
For George’s changed view of Prussianness, see his statement: “Von einem Haß gegen Preußentum und Bismarck ist seit dem ersten Weltkriege nichts zu spüren: wesentlich ist der Wille zum nationalen Halt. . ” Erinnerungen an Stefan George, 228. 45 Kurt Hildebrandt, Norm und Entartung des Menschen (Dresden: SibyllenVerlag, 1920). The book was published without the signet of the Circle — but with the explicit approval of George and Wolters. See Hildebrandt, Erinnerungen an Stefan George, 113–14n9.
See Wolters, Stefan George, 440–43. 40 See David, Stefan George, 362. George was born in Büdesheim near Mainz, spent much of his childhood and youth in Bingen, and later frequently stayed in Heidelberg. ” When Landmann reminded him of his earlier Francophilia, George replied: “Das war damals. Heut, nachdem sie [the French] sich so betragen haben, müssen sie’s zurückkriegen”: Edith Landmann, Gespräche mit Stefan George (Düsseldorf: Helmut Kupper vormals Georg Bondi, 1963), 150; also 89, 92, 95, 193.
Philipp, Castrum Peregrini 225 (1996): 5–62; here, 12. Philipp’s juxtaposition of Wolters’s early 1913 manuscript with the 1930 final version of the “Blättergeschichte” impressively demonstrates the increasing nationalization of the Circle after the First World War. See Philipp, Castrum Peregrini, 15–16. 38 Salin, Um Stefan George, 264. For George’s political aspirations during and after the First World War, see Volker Dürr, “Stefan George und Gottfried Benn im europäischen Kontext: Politische Aspekte der ästhetizistischen Tradition,” in Das Stefan-George-Seminar 1978 in Bingen am Rhein, ed.