Adjectives in Germanic and Romance by Petra Sleeman, Freek Van de Velde, Harry Perridon

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By Petra Sleeman, Freek Van de Velde, Harry Perridon

Even though the Germanic and Romance languages are branches of a similar language kinfolk and even if either have built the adjective as a separate syntactic and morphological type, the syntax, morphology, and interpretation of adjectives is under no circumstances a similar in those language teams, and there's even version inside of all the language teams. one of many major goals of this quantity is to map the variations and similarities in syntactic habit, morphology, and which means of the Germanic and Romance adjective and to discover a solution to the next query: Are the (dis)similarities the results of independent advancements in all the branches of the Indo-European language relations, or are they as a result of language touch?

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More concretely, Type B is closely tied to the development of the written standard. The purpose of the present paper is to show that drawing parallels from Romance to English is a valuable heuristic device that allows us to posit good or even better questions about the synchrony and diachrony of the domain under scrutiny. Answers to these questions would require corpus based research that will not be undertaken here, but hopefully stimulated. However, the representative quantitative data on present-day English provided by Biber (1988) and by Opdahl (2000), the diachronic corpus analyses by Donner (1991) and Nevalainen (1994, 1997), as well as the sociolinguistic study on present-day York English by Tagliamonte and Ito (2002) are good points of reference.

Hardly < OEngl. ). The adjective-adverb interface in Romance and English  My attempt to find corresponding examples for these languages already provides interesting insights into the relevance of linguistic variation. In the case of Engl. ), the verb-modifying Type B variant hardly (5) is unusual. g. Fr. malement “badly”, vitement “fast”, petitement “a few”, chichement “poorly”. Hence, adverbs are lexical items that may develop individually (see Hummel & Kröll 2011), but the general ­tendency is to use Type B in standard or refined style.

E. non-restrictive, indirect, modifier. In structure (34) and in (73) the adjective is in the higher DP and is thus an indirect modifier. Its position in the Swedish structure (70) also suggests that . These analyses are in line with a split DP-structure as Cinque’s structure (34). However, Perridon and Sleeman (2011) analyze both den in the Swedish example and cel in the Romanian example as an adjectival article in the structures [den + A] Ndef (Scandinavian) and Ndef [cel + A] (Romanian).  Freek Van de Velde, Petra Sleeman & Harry Perridon the adjective is an indirect modifier.

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